How to install Kali Linux 2020.2 in VirtualBox 6



In this blog post I will show you how to install Kali Linux 2020.2 in Virtual Box 6.1.

There are issues in getting the Kali Linux to display in full screen mode, most notably in getting the 1920×1080 resolution. Will fix that also.

  1. If you want to install previous version of Kali Linux which is 2019 in VMware Workstation 15 Pro, please follow my post on how to install Kali Linux 2019 in VMware Workstation 15
  2. You can also install Kali Linux 2020.2 in VMware Player 15, which is free for non commercial use. Please follow my blog to install Kali Linux 2020.2 in VMware Player 15.
  3. To Install Kali Linux using Kali Linux official Image, please follow my post How to use Kali Linux Official Image to install Kali Linux in VMware 15 and VirtualBox 6
  4. To Install Kali Linux 2020.2 in VMware Workstation pro 15, Please follow my post Step by Step Guide – How to Install Kali Linux 2020.2 and VMware Tools in VMware Workstation 15 Pro
  5. To Install Kali Linux 2020.2 in Hyper-V, Please follow my post How to Install and Setup Kali Linux 2020.2 in Hyper-V on Windows Operating System

Lets get started

Step 1 – Download Kali Linux ISO image

To install the Kali Linux, we will have to first get the installer ISO image file. You can get it by visiting the official download page. Please download the 64 bit or 32 bit image depending on the system you have.

Kali Linux official download page

Kali Linux official download page

Step 2 – Locate the downloaded file

You can find the downloaded image file in the downloads folder, if you have not changed the default settings. The filename would be something like kali-linux-2020.2-installer-amd64.iso and would be around 3.6 GB. If you have downloaded through torrent, the ISO file will be downloaded in a folder, folder name would be something like kali-linux-2020.2-installer-amd64.iso.

Step 3 – Open VirtualBox

Lets start the installation process. Open VirtualBox. If you don’t have it installed already, please visit my page.

Virtual Box Home Screen

Virtual Box Home Screen

Step 4 – Launch VirtualBox Create Virtual Machine installation wizard.

You can launch this by clicking gear symbol highlighted in Red. The keyboard shortcut is Ctrl + N on Windows.

VirtualBox Manager - Create new VM

VirtualBox Manager – Create new VM

In the Create Virtual machine dialog box, enter a Name for the Virtual machine. This can be anything you want. VirtaulBox will also create a folder by this name in your computer to store the virtual machine files, path to which is your users folders which typically is something like “C:\Users\User name\VirtualBox VMs” by default. User name is the name of the user you are logged in as in windows which will vary for all of us. Specify the memory to be allocated to the VM. I generally feel that 1 GB is not sufficient and increase the memory to 2 GB.

Select Type: Linux
Version: Debian(64 bit)

VirtualBox - Create New Virtual Machine

VirtualBox – Create New Virtual Machine

Select Click create to continue.

Now you will have to specify the disk space to allocate. I specify 60 GB. Leave the rest as default. Click Create to continue.

VirtualBox - Create new VM - Specify disk space

VirtualBox – Create new VM – Specify disk space

Now you will see the VirtualBox manager screen with the VM created.

VirtualBox Manager - Virtual machine

VirtualBox Manager – Virtual machine

Step 5 – Change Virtual machine settings

Now we will have to change the virtual machine settings. Click on the settings.

VirtualBox Manager - VM Settings

VirtualBox Manager – VM Settings


In the settings dialog box make the following changes:

  1. Go to General -> Advanced tab – Change Shared clipboard and Drag’n’Drop to bidirectional.

    VirtualBox - VM General Settings

    VirtualBox – VM General Settings

  2. Go to System -> Motherboard tab – Uncheck floppy.
    VirtualBox - VM Motherboard Settings

    VirtualBox – VM Motherboard Settings

  3. Go to System -> Processor tab – Increase number of processors to 2 have better performance. You can leave it as it is if you want. leave rest of the settings as it is.

    VirtualBox - VM Processor Settings

    VirtualBox – VM Processor Settings

  4. Go to System -> Acceleration tab – Accept the defaults and leave it as it is.
    VirtualBox - VM system acceleration settings

    VirtualBox – VM system acceleration settings

  5. Go to Storage-> Optical Drive attribute – Click on the disk Icon and select Choose Virtual optical Disk file and navigate to the ISO image that you have downloaded.
    VirtualBox – VM Storage settings

    VirtualBox – VM Storage settings

  6. Click OK to exit settings and return to VirtualBox Manager screen.

Step 6 – Click on the Start Icon to start the virtual machine

This will power on the virtual machine and the installation process will start.

VirtualBox – Start VM

VirtualBox – Start VM

Step 7 – Select Graphical Install from Boot Menu

Here you will see many options. Select Graphical Install using the down arrow key and click continue.

Kali linux installation boot menu screenshot

Kali linux installation boot menu screenshot

Step 8 – Select a Language

In this dialog box you will be asked to select a language. Please select a language and continue. This option sets your language in the Kali Linux Operating system. Default is English.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Select a Language Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Select a Language Screenshot

Step 9 – Select Location

In this dialog box you will be asked to select a Location. Please select a location and continue. This option sets your Location in the Kali Linux Operating system. later on, you will be able to set the time zone based on the location you choose here.

Install Kali Linux 2019 - Select Location Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Select Location Screenshot

Step 10 – Configure the Keyboard

In this dialog box you will be asked to select the keyboard layout. Please select a Keyboard layout using the arrow keys and click continue. This option sets your Keyboard in the Kali Linux Operating system. By default it is set to American English.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Configure keyboard Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Configure keyboard Screenshot

After you click continue, you will see the installation progresses for some them you see the Network Configuration dialog box, which is the next step.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Installation progress Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Installation progress Screenshot

Step 11 – Configure the Network – Enter Hostname

In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the hostname for your system. This being a home network, we can set anything. Enter any anything and click continue.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Configure the Network Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Configure the Network Screenshot

Step 12 – Configure the Network – Enter domain name

In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the domain name for your system. This being a home network, we can set anything like example.com

 Install Kali Linux 2020 - Configure the Network- Enter Domain Name Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Configure the Network- Enter Domain Name Screenshot

Step 13 – Set User account and password

In this dialog box you will be asked create an account other than the root user. Please note that this is the user other than the root user. Please type your name and click continue

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Set up Users name Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Set up Users account Screenshot

Now you will be asked to provide the user name again. I use the same name as the account name in the previous screen.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Set up Users name Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Set up Users name Screenshot

You will be asked to setup a password of the user you created. Enter the password. We will login with this username and password once the installation completes.

Kali Linux Installation - set user password

Kali Linux Installation – set user password

Step 14 – Configure Clock

In this dialog box you will be asked to time zone based on the location you selected earlier. Please enter a time zone of your choice and click continue.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Configure Clock Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Configure Clock Screenshot

Step 15 – Partition Disk

In this dialog box you are asked how you would like to partition your disk. Select Guided – Use entire disk and click continue. This is the default option.

Install Kali Linux  – Select Disk to Partition Screenshot

Install Kali Linux – Select Disk to Partition Screenshot


In this dialog box you are asked to select a disk to partition. Select ATA VBOX HARDDISK. There should be only one option. Click Continue.

Install Kali Linux  - Select Disk to Partition Screenshot

Install Kali Linux – Select Disk to Partition Screenshot

Step 16 – Select partition scheme

In this dialog box you are asked to select a scheme for disk partition. Select the default, All files in one partition and click Continue.

Install Kali Linux  – Disk Partitioning Scheme Screenshot

Install Kali Linux – Disk Partitioning Scheme Screenshot

Step 17 – Disk partition Overview

In this dialog box you are see the summary of your disk partition. Select the Finish Partitioning and Write changes to disk which should be selected by default. All you have to do is to click continue.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Disk Partition Overview Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Disk Partition Overview Screenshot

Step 18 – Disk partition Confirmation

In this dialog you are asked to confirm Write changes to disk. Select yes and click continue.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Disk Partition Confirmation Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Disk Partition Confirmation Screenshot

Step 19 – Installation starts

Now the actual installation starts. Wait for Configure the Package Manager Dialog box to appear.

Kali Linux - Installation begins

Kali Linux – Installation begins

Step 20 – Configure the package manager – HTTP Proxy

In this dialog box you will ask if you wish to HTTP proxy. Leave it blank and click continue.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Configure the Package Manager - HTTP proxy Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Configure the Package Manager – HTTP proxy Screenshot

Installation process will continue. Wait for sometime and let the process continue.

Kali Linux Installation

Kali Linux Installation

Installation will continue… please have patience.

Kali Linux 2020 Installation progress

Kali Linux 2020 Installation progress

Installation will continue. Wait for the process to complete. This can take a long time. So have patience.

Step 21 – Software Selection

In this screen, you will have to specify what software you want to install. I accept the default and accept it as it is. Click continue to proceed.

Kali Linux 2020 installation - Software selection

Kali Linux 2020 installation – Software selection


This step took around 2 hours to complete. So have patience

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

After all the files are retrieved, the installation will begin as shown in the below screenshot.

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Step 22 – Install GRUB boot loader

In this dialog box you will be asked if you would like to install the GRUB boot loader. Select Yes and click Continue.

Install GRUB Boot Loader Screenshot

Install GRUB Boot Loader Screenshot

Step 23 – Select device for GRUB boot loader Installation

In this dialog box you will be asked to select boot loader device for GRUB installation. Select /dev/sda and click Continue.

Select GRUB Boot Loader Device

Select GRUB Boot Loader Device

Installation will continue. Wait for the process to complete.

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Kali Linux Installation progress

Step 24 – Installation Complete

Installation will continue and now you will see Installation complete dialog box. Click continue to finalize the installation and wait for the VM to reboot. After reboot you will see the boot loader screen.

Install Kali Linux 2020 - Installation Complete Screenshot

Install Kali Linux 2020 – Installation Complete Screenshot

Process Complete

After the VM starts, you will see the Grub boot loader. Select Kali GNU/Linux.

Kali Linux - Grub loader

Kali Linux – Grub loader

Login with your credential you created. Enter your username and Password

Kali Linux login screen

Kali Linux login screen

You will be logged into Kali Desktop 2020.

Kali Linux home screen

Kali Linux home screen

Step 25 – To Install VirtualBox Guest Editions tool please follow the below steps:

After the installation end, you should be able to switch to Full Screen Mode automatically. Please check if you are able to switch to full screen mode. If you are not, only then follow the below steps.

  1. Insert Guest Edition CD Image

    From the menu bar go to – Devices -> Insert Guest Edition CD Image.

    VirtualBox - Guest Editions CD Image

    VirtualBox – Guest Editions CD Image

  2. Open Guest Editions folder

    After you insert the Guest Edition CD, you will see an Icon on the desktop.

    VirtualBox - virtualbox guest edition

    VirtualBox – virtualbox guest edition

    Double click on it to open it.

    VirtualBox Guest Editions folder and files

    VirtualBox Guest Editions folder and files

  3. Copy File VBoxLinuxEditions.run to desktop
    VBoxLinuxEditions.run is the file that will install the required tools. Copy the file to the desktop. You can use the standard GUI ways of doing it, which is, right click on the file copy and paste in the desktop folder.
    VirtualBox Guest Editions folder and files

    VirtualBox Guest Editions folder and files

  4. Run the file

    Open terminal, and run the following commands:
    cd Desktop/
    sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run

    If you are asked to enter your password, enter the password you set during the installation process.

    VirtualBox - Guest Editions Installation

    VirtualBox – Guest Editions Installation

    Wait for the process to complete. Once the installation completes, you will be asked to restart the system.

    Reboot

    Reboot the VM by executing the command sudo reboot in terminal. Once the system reboots, you can switch Kali VM to full screen mode by going to View->Full Screen mode.

    Kali Linux home screen

    Kali Linux home screen

  5. Process Complete

    You are done, You can start working on Kali Linux 2020. Thanks for Visiting my blog.

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Underneath a boring IT professional lies a passionate student of computer science. I love computers and this blog is about everyday computer issues that a common man faces. Through this blog I try to reconnect with my long forgotten self.

Show 23 Comments
  • Mohsin Manzoor Bhat August 16, 2017, 9:21 pm Link Reply

    Plz mail me i need ur help in installing Kali and learning it.

  • Talita October 31, 2017, 2:58 pm Link Reply

    Hi there! Thanks for your tutorial, however, I’m stuck in step 13. When I clicked “graphic install”, those following windows to choose language, location, etc., haven’t appeared. I now have a black window saying Kali Linux is running. But it’s been like that for almost 24 hours! Any ideas of why this is happening and how to solve it? Thanks in advance.

    • Shailesh Jha October 31, 2017, 5:25 pm Link Reply

      Hi Thanks for writing. This is quite peculiar. People get stuck at later stages but not right at the start. Can you try the VMware image provided by Kali Linux. There is no installation required. Extract the downloaded file using 7Zip and try to open it in VMware. Username will be root. Password toor.

      https://www.offensive-security.com/kali-linux-vmware-virtualbox-image-download/

    • craig November 10, 2020, 12:00 am Link Reply

      unticking virtual machine platform in Windows features worked for me.

  • Alex November 23, 2017, 12:58 pm Link Reply

    What if it doesn’t give me the option to use more then one processor or allow me to access Acceleration?

    • Shailesh Jha November 24, 2017, 2:48 pm Link Reply

      In that case the performance will slow down. But still you will be able to work. But these days all the systems have multi core CPU, I don’t see a reason why you should not be able to do it.

  • Frances November 24, 2017, 8:35 pm Link Reply

    Hi – thanks for very helpful tutorial. Everything worked except for step 3 for me – so I still can’t get Kali running in full screen mode. I tried twice typing the apt-get command, but I get a message saying “unable to locate package”. Has the name changed since you wrote this? Sorry, I’m new to this and don’t know how to check for myself.

    • Shailesh Jha November 24, 2017, 8:59 pm Link Reply

      Hi Frances,

      Can you try to run the below command, your virtualbox should be connected to the internet.

      apt-get update && apt-get upgrade && apt-get dist-upgrade

      Restart Kali in Virtualbox

      and then rerun the steps.

  • VIKAS January 23, 2018, 12:00 am Link Reply

    Hello
    I just wanted to ask Which Image I have to Download on official Page of Kali /Downloads I have to install in Virtual Box And I have 32 bit Os
    So I have to install the Vbox 32bit or only 32bit one??

    • Shailesh Jha January 23, 2018, 9:11 am Link Reply

      There is no separate version of 32 or 64 bit VirtualBox. Download the version for Vbox available for download. If you have 64 bit OS, it will allow you to install 64 bit OS, else you will see only 32 bit OS option.

      For 32 bit, you have to download 32 bit Kali Image.

      For 64 bit, you need Intel VT enabled in Bios. If you don’t have 64 bit system, don’t bother about it. 32 Bit will work just fine.

  • Chris April 1, 2018, 10:41 pm Link Reply

    A very big thank you for this tutorial , I have been using kali for months, I was introduced to kali Linux by a friend of mine, who is a pen tester, but the issue I have here is switching to full screen I have followed your tutorial and I do as you say, but still am still finding it difficult to enjoy full mode, am just pissed off, I envy you for knowing all these issues and fixing them, but I don’t know why it didn’t work for me, am using the latest version of Kali, I left parrot OS because I wanted to try kali Linux, but right now am sucked, can I share my screen team view with you? so you can help me fix this prob please, am wanna be able to enjoy the full screen mode, bro help me

  • nitesh kumar September 19, 2018, 10:16 pm Link Reply

    “apt-get install linux-headers-amd64”
    it shows that “unable to locate package linux-headers-amd64 “

  • Aman Gupta July 2, 2019, 11:41 pm Link Reply

    Sir how can i use wireless card in virtual box

  • miguel December 29, 2019, 4:57 pm Link Reply

    Hello, thanks for the tutorial but I’m stuck on step 6. Whenever I try to start/run kali I get an error.

    Failed to open a session for the virtual machine .
    Call to VidMessageSlotMap failed: Last=0xc000000d/87 (VERR_NEM_VM_CREATE_FAILED).
    Result Code: E_FAIL (0x80004005)
    Component: ConsoleWrap
    Interface: IConsole {872da645-4a9b-1727-bee2-5585105b9eed}

    Any way I can solve this?

  • sm April 27, 2020, 5:19 am Link Reply

    Hi There,
    Thank you for the great instructions. I am stuck at step 24, after the VM starts, you will see the Grub boot loader. Select Kali GNU/Linux. I am not getting the Kali Linux Screen instead it displays Linux screen with the message ‘Kali GNU/Linux Rolling kali ttyl.
    kali login:
    Once I login it puts me to linux prompt.

    Could you let me know, how to resolve this.

    Thanks in advance.
    SM

    • Shailesh Jha April 28, 2020, 12:53 am Link Reply

      Looks like you did not have internet connection to the VM when the installation was in progress. We have to install the display manager, please follow the below steps:

      Login to the Kali Linux Terminal
      1. sudo apt update
      2. sudo nano /etc/apt/source.list
      a. add the following line at the end – use the arrow keys to go to the end of the file
      deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
      deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
      To save the file and exit nano – ctrl X and then you will be asked to save before exit. Press Y and enter.
      3. Just to make sure that the entries are there again enter – sudo nano /etc/apt/source.list and see that the entries are there. Ctrl X to exit, press N for no save (save not required if the entries are there)
      4. sudo apt-get update
      5. sudo apt-get install gdm3
      6. wait for some time, you will be asked to select the display manager, choose gdm3 and wait for the process to complete.
      7. Enter init 6 -> enter to reboot. Now you will see the GUI.

  • Robiul Islam April 30, 2020, 2:15 pm Link Reply

    Shaileshji at step 21 showing retrieving file 811 of 1947 and it is taking huge time as the process started at 11:00 AM and till 02:00PM reached only 991 of 1947
    Please note my Internet speed is fast enough Download 50+ Mbps Upload 37+ Mbps
    System Software – Windows 10 Pro 64 Bit
    System Hardware – Ryzen R 5 3600, Gigabyte B450 Auros Pro, RAM 8GB X 2, 240GB SSD

    Please help

  • Venkata Jaswanth May 5, 2020, 11:49 am Link Reply

    hi sir thanks for tutorial
    and when installing is it need internet connection

  • chander mohan May 17, 2020, 3:09 am Link Reply

    kalli Linux to apt get upgrade took lots of time even 4 hours and just download 50 % and show 7h more

  • chander mohan May 17, 2020, 3:11 am Link Reply

    is it neccessry to upgrade it

  • Sriharika Mariyala June 19, 2020, 10:50 am Link Reply

    helped!!!!!

  • Saikumar Chary July 12, 2020, 7:47 pm Link Reply

    Step 19 taking more than 4 hours taken still not completed. please help me to resolve

  • Craig November 8, 2020, 10:05 am Link Reply

    Every step smooth sailing, Thank You Oh Master.

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