In this blog post, I will show you how to install and setup Kali Linux 2017 in Hyper-V. Since Hyper V comes shipped with Windows OS (Except Home Edition), chances are that you already have Hyper V available in your system, ready to be used.
What is Hyper-V
Hyper V is a virtualization software from Microsoft which allows you to run multiple Operating system on your Windows Machine. Hyper V is exactly like VMware Workstation or Oracle VirtualBox, except that Hyper V is from Microsoft and is available for free for almost all the versions of Windows except Home version.
Which Windows Version Supports Hyper V and how to Enable it
Since Hyper V is a part of Windows OS, separate installation is not required. But Hyper-V is not enabled by default and to use it, it needs to be enabled. To enable Hyper V, the following requirements must be met.
- Windows 10 Enterprise, Professional, or Education
- 64-bit Processor with Second Level Address Translation (SLAT)
- CPU support for VM Monitor Mode Extension (VT-c on Intel CPU’s)
- Minimum of 4 GB memory.
- The Hyper-V role cannot be installed on Windows 10 Home.
For detailed discussion please go through my blog on how to enable Hyper V in Windows.
Enable Virtualization Technology either Intel VT-x or AMD-V
To enable Hyper V, system must have Virtualization Technology Enabled in BIOS. For AMD processors, Virtualization is enabled by default, but in the case of Intel, VT-x may not be enabled by default. So, there are steps to be followed to enabled Intel VT in BIOS or UEFI. Please follow my post on Step by step guide to enable Intel VT-x or AMD-V in BIOS or UEFI in Windows 10 and Windows 8.
Before you start installing Kali Linux, we will have to create network connection switch first. Please follow the steps below
- Open Hyper-V Manager
- Click Virtual Switch Manager under action on the right pane in Hyper-V Manger screen
- Select External and click on create virtual switch.
- In the Virtual Switch properties dialog box, specify the name of your choice of the virtual switch and under Connection Type -> External Network, select your system Ethernet card and not your WiFi card. Click on OK to complete the process.
Once you have Hyper V setup successfully, Please follow the below steps to Install Kali Linux 2017
Step 1 – Open Hyper V Manager
First step is to open Hyper V manager. If you have setup everything correctly, you can search for Hyper-V Manager in Taskbar or you can find the shortcut in Start Menu under Windows Administrative tools.
On the right hand side you will see New-> Virtual Machine. Click on Virtual Machine to launch New Virtual Machine Wizard and click Next.
Step 2 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Specify Name and Location
In this dialog box, please enter the name of the Virtual Machine. In Our case, we can name our Virtual machine as Kali Linux. But you can specify anything according to your preference. There is a checkbox to chnage the location where the Virtual Machine Files will be created. If you leave this unchecked, default location will be used. Else Check the box to change the location. I normally leave it as default. But if you have disk space constraints, it better to specify the location in a different disk drive.
Step 3 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Specify Generation
These days you can create two versions(Generation) of Virtual Machines. The latest one is Generation 2. Before generation 2 type virtual machines came into existence, there was nothing like generation 1 virtual machines. All virtual machines were the same. But from generation 2 virtual machines, older virtual machines were called generation one virtual machines. Generation one virtual machines supports legacy hardware. Generation 2 Provides the following new functionality on a virtual machine:
- PXE boot by using a standard network adapter
- Boot from a SCSI virtual hard disk
- Boot from a SCSI virtual DVD
- Secure Boot (enabled by default)
- UEFI firmware support
But lets not complicate things for ourselves and choose Generation 1 and click next.
Step 4 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Assign Memory
In this dialog box you will have to specify the amount of RAM you want to allocate to the virtual machine once the virtual machine is turned on. By default it is 1GB(1024 MB), but I normally prefer 2GB(2048 MB). Also, check Use Dynamic Memory for this Virtual Machine. This will allow Hyper V to adjust RAM according to the requirement of the Virtual machine.
Step 5 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Configure Network
For virtual machines to be be able to communicate with other virtual machines or internet, it should have a network adapter. In this dialog box you will have to specify the network adapter. Please choose connection(external virtual virtual switch) from the drop down menu and click on next.
You will not be able to configure network successfully if you try to install Kali Linux over a WiFi network. You will see an error like unable to configure DHCP….
To avoid this error, please install Kali Linux by connecting your system to wired connection(Ethernet) and not WiFi. In the connection drop down option, you will have to select the connection related to Ethernet
Step 6 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Connect Virtual Hard Disk
Virtual Machines require hard disk space. This is the place where you decide how much disk space you want to allocate to the virtual machine. For Kali, its recommended to select around 60 GB of disk space. Give Virtual disk a name of your choice. Please note that, not all of the allocated disk space will be used during the installation process. It is dynamically created, that is it will expand as the usage grows with the maximum limit of what you specify as the virtual disk size. Give the name of the virtual hard disk, specify the disk space and click next.
Step 7 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Installation Option
In this dialog box you will be asked to specify the setup media. Check Install an operating system from bootable CD/DVD-ROM -> Image File. Browse to the downloaded ISO image file and click next.
Step 8 – New Virtual Machine Wizard – Completing the New Virtual Machine Wizard
This dialog box will show you the summary of the options you have selected. Click Finish to create the Virtual Machine. You will see the process for creating new virtual machine will begin. At the end end you will see Hyper-V Manager with the newly created virtual machine under Virtual Machine Box.
Step 9 – Hyper-V Manager- Virtual Machine Settings
After the virtual machine is created, you will see the name of the virtual machine listed under Virtual Machines.
Right click on the name of the virtual manager and click on settings to change Virtual machine Options. You will also see settings option on the right hand side, as shown in the screenshot below.
You can change the following most common virtual machine startup settings such as memory, network, CPU and so on…
Change Allocated Memory
here you can specify the memory with which the Virtual machine will start or boot. I normally choose 2048 MB(2 GB) and always check Enable Dynamic Memory.
Change the number of Virtual processor
Here you can specify the number of Virtual processors. Normally I set it to 2. It depends on the actual CPU your system has. Since I have i7 CPU (Which has 8 cores), I Normally allocate 2 core to the Virtual Machine.
Here you can create virtual Hard drives and DVD drives. By default, one Hard Disk and one DVD drive is created. If you want additional ones, you can create it here.
Here you can specify the network adapter to use for the Virtual machine.
Here you can specify the floppy drive. Floppy drives and things of the the past and almost extinct. You can leave it as default which is none.
Change Virtual machine name
If you wish to change the name of the virtual machine, you can do it here.
Step 10 – Start Installation Process
Till now we have created and configured a new virtual machine. Now lets start the installation process by right clicking on the name of the virtual machine in Hyper V manager and selecting connect. You can see connect option on the right side of Hyper V manager as shown in the below screenshot.
After you click on connect, you will be see a new window open asking you to start the Virtual Machine. Click on start.
You will see Virtual Machine Start up and eventually you should see Kali Installation screen.
Step 11 – Select Graphical Install from Boot Menu
Here you will see many options. Select Graphical Install using the down arrow key and click continue.
Step 12 – Select a Language
In this dialog box you will be asked to select a language. Please select a language and continue. This option sets your language in the Kali Linux Operating system. Default is English.
Step 13 – Select Location
In this dialog box you will be asked to select a Location. Please select a location and continue. This option sets your Location in the Kali Linux Operating system. later on, you will be able to set the time zone based on the location you choose here.
Step 14 – Configure the Keyboard
In this dialog box you will be asked to select the keyboard layout. Please select a Keyboard layout using the arrow keys and click continue. This option sets your Keyboard in the Kali Linux Operating system. By default it is set to American English.
After you click continue, you will see the installation progresses for some them you see the Network Configuration dialog box, which is the next step.
Step 15 – Configure the Network – Enter Hostname
In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the hostname for your system. This being a home network, we can set anything. Enter any anything and click continue.
Step 16 – Configure the Network – Enter domain name
In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the domain name for your system. This being a home network, we can set anything like example.com
Step 17 – Set password for User root
In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the password for the root user account. Please enter a password of your choice and click continue.
Step 18 – Enter Username for your account
In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the username for the account. Please enter a username of your choice and click continue.
You will have to enter User name in two different dialog box, similar to shown in the below screenshot
Step 19 – Enter Password for your the user account
In this dialog box you will be asked to enter the password for the user account you created in the last step. Please enter a password of your choice and click continue.
Step 20 – Configure Clock
In this dialog box you will be asked to time zone based on the location you selected earlier. Please enter a time zone of your choice and click continue.
Step 21 – Partition Disk
In this dialog box you are asked how you would like to partition your disk. Select Guided – Use entire disk and click continue. This is the default option.
In this dialog box you are asked to select a disk to partition. Select sda, VMware Virtual disk. There should be only one option. Click Continue.
Step 22 – Select partition scheme
In this dialog box you are asked to select a scheme for disk partition. Select the default, All files in one partition and click Continue.
Step 23 – Disk partition Overview
In this dialog box you are see the summary of your disk partition. Select the Finish Partitioning and Write changes to disk which should be selected by default. All you have to do is to click continue.
Step 24 – Disk partition Confirmation
In this dialog you are asked to confirm Write changes to disk. Select yes and click continue.
Step 25 – Installation starts
Now the actual installation starts. Wait for Configure the Package Manager Dialog box to appear.
Step 26 – Configure the package manager
In this dialog box you will ask if you wish to configure network mirror for Package manager. Choose yes and continue. You canskip this by selecting NO. But the default option Yes is better.
Step 27 – Configure the package manager – HTTP Proxy
In this dialog box you will ask if you wish to HTTP proxy. Leave it blank and click continue.
Step 28 – Install GRUB boot loader
In this dialog box you will be asked if you would like to install the GRUB boot loader. Select Yes and click Continue.
Step 29 – Select device for GRUB boot loader Installation
In this dialog box you will be asked to select boot loader device for GRUB installation. Select /dev/sda and click Continue.
Step 30 – Installation Complete
Installation will continue and now you will see Installation complete dialog box. Click continue to finalize the installation and wait for the VM to reboot. After reboot you will see the login screen. Login with your username or root user and provide your password. You will then see the Kali Linux desktop.